By Gabriel Ciobanu, Mario J. Pérez-Jiménez, Gheorghe Păun
Membrane computing is a department of traditional computing which investigates computing versions abstracted from the constitution and functioning of dwelling cells and from their interactions in tissues or higher-order organic constructions. The versions thought of, known as membrane structures (P systems), are parallel, dispensed computing types, processing multisets of symbols in cell-like compartmental architectures. in lots of functions membrane platforms have enormous merits – between those are their inherently discrete nature, parallelism, transparency, scalability and nondeterminism.
In devoted chapters, best specialists clarify lots of the functions of membrane computing pronounced up to now, in biology, desktop technology, special effects and linguistics. The booklet additionally comprises unique stories of the software program instruments used to simulate P systems.
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Extra resources for Applications of Membrane Computing
Brainstorming Week on Membrane Computing, Sevilla, February 2004, TR 01/04 of Research Group on Natural Computing, Sevilla University, 2004, 206–223, and Theoretical Computer Science, 330, 1 (2005), 101–116. 34. P. Frisco: Theory of Molecular Computing. Splicing and Membrane Systems. PhD Thesis, Leiden University, The Netherlands, 2004. 35. P. Frisco, S. Ji: Towards a Hierarchy of Info-Energy P Systems. In , 302–318. 36. A. Greibach: Remarks on Blind and Partially Blind One-Way Multicounter Machines.
Workshop on Grammar Systems, MTA SZTAKI, Budapest, 2004, 225– 245. 69. Gh. P˘ aun, J. J. P´erez-Jim´enez, A. Rodr´ıguez-Pat´ on: Symport/Antiport P Systems with Three Objects Are Universal. Fundamenta Informaticae, 64 (2005), 345–358. 70. Gh. P˘ aun, G. Rozenberg, A. Salomaa: DNA Computing. New Computing Paradigms. Springer, Berlin, 1998. 71. Gh. P˘ aun, G. Rozenberg, A. Salomaa, C. : Membrane Computing. International Workshop, WMC–CdeA 2002, Curtea de Arge¸s, Romania, Revised Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 2597, Springer, Berlin, 2003.
A real program of defining discrete dynamical systems, with direct application to the dynamics of P systems, was started by V. Manca and his collaborators; we refer to Chapter 3 for details. 22 Recent Developments Of course, the specification “recent” is risky, as it can soon become obsolete, but still we want to mention here some directions of research and some results which were not presented before – after repeating the fact that topics such as complexity classes and polynomial solutions to hard problems, dynamical systems approaches, and population P systems (in general, systems dealing with populations of cells, as in tissue-like or neural-like systems) are of strong current interest which will probably lead to significant theoretical and practical results.