Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Volume 15, by John E. Morley MB BCh, Douglas K. Miller MD, M. Powell

By John E. Morley MB BCh, Douglas K. Miller MD, M. Powell Lawton PhD

Right food, weight, and workout have all been strongly associated with superior future health and toughness one of the aged. This well timed quantity offers the most recent clinical study on meals and its influence on fit getting older in a number of older populations and in a number of care settings. issues comprise the analysis and administration of protein undernutrition; mental and social components in weight reduction; the results of supplements and workout on getting older; and extra. This quantity will attract geriatricians, geriatric researchers and teachers, in addition to to different future health pros focused on food and the aged.

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Extra resources for Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Volume 15, 1995: Focus on Nutrition

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25(OH) vitamin D. In addition, many older individuals have a decreased dietary intake of vitamin D. Vitamin D (800 IU) and calcium therapy have been demonstrated to remarkably reduce occurrence of hip fractures in elderly nursing home residents in France (Chapuy, Arlot, Delmas, & Meunier, 1994). 44 MILLER AND MORLEY Overall, osteoporosis and hip fracture are the conditions which have most clearly been demonstrated to be preventable by nutritional intervention. Optimally, appropriate nutritional intake of calcium needs to begin before adolescence to allow the individual to obtain an optimal bone mass.

7 in 1991. At the turn of the twentieth century 4% of the United States population was over the age of 65 years. By 1976, 11% of United States citizens were over 65 years and by the year 2000 it is estimated that seniors will comprise 14% of the population (Munro, 1992). Seventy percent of all deaths occur in persons over 65 years of age, with the majority being from heart, neoplastic and cerebrovascular disease. While industrialized countries have the greatest relative percent of their populations being over 65 years of age, it needs to be recognized that the majority of older persons live in developing countries.

As expected, total mortality rates were elevated in both thin and overweight persons. Waist-to-hip ratio was positively correlated with mortality. This correlation remained after correcting for smoking, alcohol, and estrogen use. Weight loss patterns did not alter this relationship. This study supports the concept that high waist-to-hip ratios is an independent risk for death in late middle-aged and young old women. SERUM ALBUMIN AND MORTALITY IN COMMUNITYDWELLING OLDER PERSONS Albumin functions to maintain the oncotic pressure of plasma and as a transport substance for many endogenous and exogenous substances.

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