An outline of Silozi grammar by George Fortune, Mubanga E. Kashoki

By George Fortune, Mubanga E. Kashoki

First released as a bankruptcy in Language in Zambia: Grammatical Sketches via the Institute of African stories (now the Institute of financial and Social learn) in 1977, this can be the second one in a chain of person courses on Zambian languages and grammar. The goal of the sequence is to spice up the meagre scholarship and availability of academic fabrics on Zambian languages, which grew to become quite in pressing in 1996, following the choice of the Zambian executive to revert to the coverage of utilizing neighborhood languages as media of guideline. This quantity offers a grammatical caricature of Lozi, a language relating to the Sotho language workforce, and one of many languages spoken because the lingua franca all around the Western Province of Zambia. it really is spoken at the vital Barotse simple to the north and south of Mongu and on each side of the Zambezi river, all of the method to Livingstone, the place it's the major African language in use, and a substantial distance inland. it's the moment administrative language of the rustic after English. The examine offers a accomplished survey of the entire significant grammatical positive aspects of the language.

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F,râmpl€s of substantive phÌases (that same animal) (7) (pronoun, noun, demonstrative(2)) (that very dog) (9) (noun, pronoun, demonsfiative liíabazeo @) (úose matters)(10) (noun, demonstrative(2)) nja iUi? )(9) (noun, selector) nja iJì? €lative inflected stem) hona mo (in th€re)(17, l8) (FonouÍ! demonstrative(l)) While it is necessaryto d€fme a substantivephÌase (SP) as substantiv€+ substaútivein agreemeÌÌtat the level of the SP, it is usefirl for reasonsof economy in description to d€ime it a little more widely when it occurs as a coníituent in larger constructions, viz.

Wúhout aftxes) yet tâken from â class other tharÌ tlÌat of the noun stems. o^a. g. (9) cp. tau (lion) (9) {7) musalì'nyana (little ìvoman) (l) cp. silepe (^xe\ (7) cp. g. g. nuflí-Jìli (trouble) (3) kacirna-cima (irritablen€ss) (12) síco seosinlnúlïnatí (that food is very pleasant) (3) Nominal Conttructioni baJed on Verb RadicalÍ the prefl\ appearsto combinewiú terminalvowelsto In lheseconstÍuctions formoneconstituenltheverbmdicalsbeingúe other. muJim-i (farmer) bu-pil-o (health) 0) (14) cp. -lim- (cultivate) cp.

Kohr Tìese prefixes are also usedto inflect verb phÌâses. g. linja zee-zumahande (dogswhich hunt well) cp. g. batho baba-bonahrÌnde (peoplewho seewell) cp. g. mucahayaa-sehahahulu (a young nÌanwho laughsloudly) cp. ) lubilo (spê€d) 0 l) (naked) (nakedness) (6) (bad) (evil) (6) (strong) Gtr€ngth) (6) (waler) (6) (delicious) (goodtâste) (3) (kind, good) (mercy) (3) (difficulty) (e) -boi (cowardly) -bakíti -cwalo cp. g. mezi tata linja zee-buhali (savage dogs) (10) mucahayaa-r ata (a strongyoung man) (l) pizi yeeJubìlo (a swift horse) (9) (at a wet place) (17) Negâtive forms of the Ìelative infleated stems are formed by prefixing the negativesign /-si-l to the relativ€ stem.

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