al-Murshid: A Guide to Modern Standard Arabic Grammar for by Laila Al-Sawi, Iman Saad

By Laila Al-Sawi, Iman Saad

This grammar e-book is meant for intermediate inexperienced persons of contemporary usual Arabic. It covers the details that they should grasp at this point to organize them for the subsequent point of talent. each one lesson within the booklet starts off with a short assertion and clarification of a grammar rule by means of types of workouts.
The workout part of the teachings starts off with mechanical drills (some of that have illustrations) for perform of the grammar element of the lesson. on the finish, there are writing workouts that permit newbies to supply the language freely whereas nonetheless requiring them to exploit the lesson's grammar.
The e-book is followed via a CD with PowerPoint shows illustrating the grammar ideas defined within the classes, and interactive drills. This very sensible textbook offers a good, versatile instrument for a grammar-based method of instructing MSA.

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Extra info for al-Murshid: A Guide to Modern Standard Arabic Grammar for the Intermediate Level

Example text

Avillus < *agwnlo- <*agnelo- demonstrates that the labial feature in *-gwn- must have been present up to the Latin syncope at least. Greek and Latin together point to PIE *h2egwno-, and *gw is confirmed by BS1. If *gw lost its labial feature at a veiy early stage in Pre-Celtic, Hogwno- would have yielded PCI. *ogno- which regularly yields Olr. uan, MW oen. PGm. *awna- seems to require *gwh, but *aw~ may also be due to contamination with *awi- 'sheep'; in that case, Germanic does not disprove *gw.

Normally amb- in front of vowels (ambactus, ambiguus, ambio, ambus tus), and am-, an- in front of consonants (amfdriam, amplector, amputo, ancTsus, ancilla, anquiro). +) 'to cover, clothe' < *amb-iacid. , but Paul, ex F. ambegnus), ambecisus 'an incision on both sides' (Var,). Other cp. in ambi- are not old: ambidens 'with teeth on both jaws' was formed to bidens, ambifariam 'in a contradictory way' to bijariam. Pit. *ambi. It. cognates: U. am-, O. am-, am- 'around'. PIE *h2mbhi 'to, around'.

A loan from Etruscan seems conceivable. No Etruscan vase name that might be the source of Lat. acerra has been found, but there are Etruscan containers ending in the adjective suffix -ra, cf. Etr. capra 'container' vel sim„ Etr. malehvra 'amphora' vel sim. : WH I: 8, EM 6. acervus 'heap' [m.? +) Uncertain etymology. Rix 1981: 118 posits Pre-It. *akesuo~, connecting it with Lat. acus 'awn, c h a f f . While formally conceivable, the required shift in meaning (*akes- acus 23 'chaff > *akes-uo- 'heap of chaff > 'heap') is just a guess.

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