By Seiritsu Ogura, Toshiaki Tachibanaki, David A. Wise
The inhabitants base in either the U.S. and Japan is aging and, as these populations age, they impress heretofore unexamined financial outcomes. This state-of-the-art, comparative quantity, the 3rd within the joint sequence provided through the nationwide Bureau of financial examine and the Japan heart for financial learn, explores these results, drawing particular realization to 4 key parts: incentives for early retirement; discounts, wealth, and asset allocation over the existence cycle; overall healthiness care and future health care reform; and inhabitants projections.Given the indisputable international significance of the japanese and U.S. economies, those cutting edge essays shed welcome new gentle at the complicated correlations among getting older and fiscal habit. This insightful paintings not just deepens our figuring out of the japanese and American financial landscapes yet, via cautious exam of the comparative social and financial facts, clarifies the advanced relation among getting older societies, public rules, and fiscal results.
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Extra info for Aging Issues in the United States and Japan (National Bureau of Economic Research Conference Report)
4 Top wealth quantiles: personal financial assets Fig. 5 Wealth quantiles: personal retirement assets 38 Steven F. Venti and David A. Wise Fig. 6 Top wealth quantiles: personal retirement assets variation in personal retirement assets is very large. 6. Although we have no way of knowing how much the IRA and 401(k)—as well as Keogh—limits constrained the personal retirement saving of HRS households, it is likely that many households at the top quantiles were constrained by the limits. 2 Chance Events versus Saving Choice and Investment Choice We want to obtain an indication of how much of the dispersion in saving can be attributed to chance and how much to choice: Chance is intended to represent circumstances that may aﬀect the resources available for saving, given lifetime resources.
The spend-down Medicaid provision is another example. The belief—perhaps unstated—that chance events determine the dispersion in wealth may weigh in favor of such taxes in the legislative voting that imposes them. If, on the other hand, the dispersion of wealth among the elderly reflects conscious lifetime spending-versus-saving decisions—rather than diﬀerences in lifetime resources—these higher taxes may be harder to justify and appear to penalize savers who spend less when they are young. From an economic perspective, if wealth accumulation is random, taxing saving has no incentive eﬀects.
5. 05 percent. 08 percent. 05 percent) might be attributed to the chance events. When lifetime earnings decile plus investment choices are controlled for (again with complete interaction of earnings decile and investment choice), the reduction is Fig. 8 7th earnings decile: adjusted v. 5 45 Percent Reduction in Residual Variance of Total Wealth, by Control Variables Total Sample Percent Reduction vs. Unconditional Standard Deviation Control Variables (A). (B). (C). (D). (E). 3. Notes: Because shares could not be computed if total wealth is less than or equal to zero, only families with positive levels of total wealth are used.