By James Weifu Lee (auth.), James W. Lee (eds.)
Designed as a textual content not just for college students and researchers, yet an individual drawn to eco-friendly know-how, complex Biofuels and Bioproducts deals the reader an enormous evaluation of the state of the art in renewable energies. the common bankruptcy units out to give an explanation for the basics of a brand new know-how in addition to supplying its context within the better box. With contributions from approximately a hundred best researchers around the globe, the textual content serves as a big and well timed investigate this quickly increasing box. The forty chapters that include complicated Biofuels and Bioproducts are handily geared up into the subsequent eight sections: · creation and Brazil's biofuel good fortune · Smokeless biomass pyrolysis for complex biofuels construction and international biochar carbon sequestration · Cellulosic Biofuels · Photobiological construction of complex biofuels with man made biology · Lipids-based biodiesels · Life-cycle strength and economics research · High-value algal items and biomethane · Electrofuels
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An important property of biochar is its cation-exchanging ability. The cationexchanging ability or lack thereof of a biochar is evident by the magnitude of its cation exchange capacity (CEC). It is known that biochar which has an increased CEC generally possesses a greater nutrient retention capability. These biochars with greater CEC generally possess a signiﬁcant amount of hydrophilic oxygen-containing groups, such as phenolic and carboxylic groups, which impart the greater cation exchange ability .
Goldemberg J (2007) Ethanol for a sustainable energy future. Science 315:808–810 10. IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics) (2010) Pesquisa Agrícola Municipal (Agriculture Municipal Research 2010) Compiled by Center of Sugarcane Technology (CTC). z=t&o=11&i=P&c=99. Accessed 24 June 2010 11. OECD/IEA (2010) IEA Statistics Oil Information, Paris. ISBN 978-92-64-08422-3 Part II Smokeless Biomass Pyrolysis for Advanced Biofuels Production and Global Biochar Carbon Sequestration Chapter 3 Smokeless Biomass Pyrolysis for Producing Biofuels and Biochar as a Possible Arsenal to Control Climate Change James Weifu Lee and Danny M.
W. W. M. Day Introduction This approach of smokeless (emission-free, clean, and efﬁcient) biomass pyrolysis with biochar application as soil amendment and carbon sequestration agent was initiated through our joint 2002 US provisional patent application followed by a PCT application . One of the key concepts here is to use a biomass-pyrolysis process to produce certain biofuels and more importantly to “lock” some of the unstable biomass carbon, such as dead leaves, waste woods, cornstovers, and rice straws, into a stable form of carbon―biochar, which could be used as a soil amendment to improve soil fertility and at the same time, to serve as a carbon sequestration agent, since biochar can be stable in soil for thousands of years and can help retain nutrients in soil to reduce the runoff of fertilizers from agriculture lands that would otherwise pollute the rivers and water bodies.