By Gerald C. Davison;John M. Neale;Ann Kring
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Extra resources for Abnormal Psychology, Study Guide
Diathesis-stress paradigm 9. The diathesis-stress paradigm emphasizes that abnormality results from a. biological factors and the unconscious. b. predisposition and current pressures. c. physiology and biochemistry. d. attachment and gestalt problems. 10. Contemporary psychologists primarily consider themselves a. eclectic. b. psychoanalytic or psychodynamic therapists. c. behavior therapists. d. cognitive or cognitive-behavior therapists. SHORT ANSWER 1. According to behavioral genetics, what is the relationship between genes and abnormal behavior?
Later chapters will cover these categories in detail. Issues in the Classification of Abnormal Behavior are (1) whether people should be classified at all and, (2) whether DSM-IV is a good classification system. In classifying, we lose information and may stigmatize people. However, some classification system is needed in order to study and treat problems. Earlier DSM systems were criticized for lack of reliability (consistency in applying labels) and validity (accuracy of the labels). DSM-IV appears more reliable but its broader utility is not yet clear.
Chapters 3, 4, and 5 are less overtly theoretical than the earlier chapters. Still, the paradigm differences continue and are reflected in differences about how best to classify and study abnormality. CHAPTER SUMMARY Chapter 3 discusses the standard system for categorizing psychopathology and issues concerning this system as well as classification generally. A Brief History of Classification describes early attempts to categorize abnormality and their development into the current system. The Diagnostic System of the American Psychiatric Association (DSM-IV) summarizes some general characteristics of the current standard diagnostic system, especially its multiaxial classification approach.