By Florentin Smarandache
Neutrosophy is a brand new department of philosophy, brought by way of Dr. Florentin Smarandache in 1995, which reviews the starting place, nature, and scope of neutralities, in addition to their interactions with various ideational spectra. Neutrosophic good judgment is a basic framework for unification of many current logics. the most inspiration of NL is to symbolize each one logical assertion in a 3D Neutrosophic house, the place each one size of the distance represents respectively the reality (T), the falsehood (F), and the indeterminacy (I) of the assertion into account, the place T, I, F are commonplace or non-standard actual subsets of ]-0, 1+[. Neutrosophic Set. allow U be a universe of discourse, and M a suite integrated in U. a component x from U is famous with recognize to the set M as x(T, I, F) and belongs to M within the following method: it's t% actual within the set, i% indeterminate (unknown whether it is) within the set, and f% fake, the place t varies in T, i varies in I, f varies in F. Statically T, I, F are subsets, yet dynamically T, I, F are functions/operators reckoning on many identified or unknown parameters. Neutrosophic likelihood is a generalization of the classical chance and vague likelihood within which the opportunity that an occasion A happens is t% precise - the place t varies within the subset T, i% indeterminate - the place i varies within the subset I, and f% fake - the place f varies within the subset F. In classical likelihood n_sup In vague likelihood: the chance of an occasion is a subset T of [0, 1], now not a bunch p in [0, 1], what’s left is meant to be the other, subset F (also from the unit period [0, 1]); there's no indeterminate subset I in obscure likelihood. Neutrosophic records is the research of occasions defined through the neutrosophic likelihood. The functionality that types the neutrosophic chance of a random variable x is termed neutrosophic distribution: NP(x) = ( T(x), I(x), F(x) ), the place T(x) represents the likelihood that price x happens, F(x) represents the chance that worth x doesn't happen, and I(x) represents the indeterminant / unknown chance of price x.
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Extra resources for A Unifying Field in Logics: Neutrosophic Logic. Neutrosophy, Neutrosophic Set, Neutrosophic Probability (third edition)
This is the Ultimate Idea: there is no ultimate idea! Leucippus's atomism, elaborated by Democritus, asserting that atoms and void are ultimate realities, is itself voided! Any system or substance has a degree of disorder (measured by the entropy), a degree of order, and a degree of order and disorder in the same time. What is the sense of emptiness (Gabriel Marcel), but of wholeness? They are opposite, but in my mind both look as perfect spheres. Even the wholeness is vacuumed of sense. In the pure form they do not exist.
49 A priori thought à la Kant is inlaid to imagination only, a kind of passing to the limit towards infinity. In the kantian space the thought dresses the purity form, going far from reality, idealizing and self-idealizing. Nature's essence doesn't have a homogeneous nor a pure aspect - or that's relying on what acceptance we take the terms. Mathematics also works with approximations. But exact approximations. And thus the perfection is a notion invented by human: an endeavor, a target never to be touched.
Imitation has an original character. And, in its turn, originality is often imitative. These are not simple puzzles, escapades. "God is creator, man is imitator" (ÚuÛea), and not only, because man created God in his (imagination) mind. "Idiot's function is positive, for without him we would understand neither the geniality nor the normality" (ÚuÛea). Neutrosophy became as a religion, a contemporary myth. Trans-spiritual. Trans-sensorial. Contradictory and neutral laws, factors, principles, functions.