By Arnold Hughes, David Perfect
A Political heritage of The Gambia: 1816-1994 is the 1st entire account of the political historical past of the previous British West African dependency to be written. It uses a lot hitherto unconsulted or unavailable British and Gambian reliable and personal documentary resources, in addition to interviews with many Gambian politicians and previous British colonial officers. the 1st a part of the booklet charts the origins and features of contemporary politics in colonial Bathurst (Banjul) and its enlargement into the Gambian inside (Protectorate) within the twenty years after international struggle II. via independence in 1965, older urban-based events within the capital have been defeated by means of a brand new, rural-based political agency, the People's innovative get together (PPP). the second one a part of the e-book analyzes the skill in which the PPP, less than President Sir Dawda Jawara, succeeded in defeating either present and new rival political events and an tried coup in 1981. The booklet closes with an evidence of the dying of the PPP by the hands of a military coup in 1994. The ebook not just establishes these specific points of Gambian political heritage, but additionally relates those to the broader neighborhood and African context, in the course of the colonial and independence sessions.
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Extra resources for A Political History of The Gambia, 1816-1994 (Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora)
Compared with sub-Saharan Africa averages, a higher proportion had access to safe water, but a lower proportion to sanitation. 110 Poverty It was not until the early 1990s that attempts were made systematically to measure the extent of poverty in The Gambia. The first comprehensive assessment, the 1992–93 Household Economic Survey, found that 15 percent of Gambians could be classified as “extremely poor”; their annual mean income was below the food poverty line. An additional 18 percent were “poor”; their annual income was between the food poverty line and the overall poverty line.
126 It retained this position as The Gambia’s main trading partner up to independence, when the United Kingdom took three fifths of Gambian exports and supplied more than a third of its imports. 129 However, in the early years of the settlement on St. Mary’s Island, gum, beeswax, and hides and skins were the leading exports, and the most important imports included rum and spirits, guns, and gunpowder. 130 Meanwhile, although groundnuts had been grown for food in Gambia for centuries, they were not exported at all until 1830 and only in small quantities before 1837.
1 percent of its total population. Over the next two decades, the Aku population increasingly shifted from Banjul to Kanifing, although even in 1983, 48 percent of the Aku still lived in the capital. In 1993, 57 percent of the Aku population lived in Kanifing and only 30 percent in Banjul. 60 Gradually, however, Liberated Africans and their descendants became better educated. 61 During the next fifty years, the Aku strengthened their position in the civil service and also supplied most African merchants and professionals.