A Grammar of Aspect: Usage and Meaning in the Russian Verb by J. Forsyth

By J. Forsyth

This publication was once initially released in 1970. element - the connection among imperfective and perfective verbs - has continuously been one of many gains of Russian grammar that English-speaking scholars locate really tricky. It has in truth frequently looked to be an insoluble secret, principally end result of the frequency of exceptions to the acknowledged ideas. Mr Forsyth means that this can be the fault of the principles, and that the problems within the method of figuring out the functioning of point stem mainly from the defective foundation of the conventional definitions. The operation of imperfective and perfective are tested in all varieties of the verb together with the central, infinitive, participles and gerunds, and their utilization is abundantly illustrated via examples from Russian. the purpose is to provide a complete photograph of element within the Russian language so that it will be of functional curiosity to complex scholars of Russian, and likewise contributed to the theoretical learn of point as a grammatical class.

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Additional info for A Grammar of Aspect: Usage and Meaning in the Russian Verb

Sample text

Another expressional nuance sometimes carried by iterative forms is that of intensity-cf. zta nOCTenrnan p. 168, noTopanmraaii:cs etc. p. 211, onpoTCCTOBbIBaii: p. 213, noMaJIKHBaTb p. 283. This usage may depend on nothing more than the greater length of these forms. P 'run all over'. Cf. 1. 3 Suffixation The range of suffixes used to derive 'new' verb forms in Russian is much more restricted than that of the prefixes. There is only one perfectivising suffix, and basically two suffixes which have been used to form imperfectives from perfectives.

Cf. Isaeenko, 1962: 363. g. /npo'IHTan. (0XHyJI. eT. He lifted the letter, read it and sighed. IlpO'IHT3il:P :ITo ImCbMO ! Read this letter. He '1HT3il:1 3To mi:c&M6 ! Don't read that letter. /HllIIHcan. (OCKe. YmeJII> 6eper Men u m1mer1 CJI6Bo Ha AOCKe. The teacher took the chalk and wrote a word on the blackboard. rm:n:o{P eMy cer6mm. Write to him today. : eMy cer6mm. Don't write to him today. /csapHn. Man. Kymbm cseKJib1 11 cnap:Hn:aP 6opm. Man. no1cy11aeT cseKJII>I u BapuT1 6opm. Mother bought beetroot and made some borshch.

G. D:HICTaHToB, no3aHHMaii:cSIP c Heii: li3H:rcoii: H MaTeMaTHKOii:. D:h1 'Give me a drink of water'. g. e. broke, but not completely) the mast'. g. nonHBan, npHrnyman, npHOTICpblBaTb etc. ll:O- and OT-, are commonly used to express termination of the action. g. ll:011HTruoP :hy CTPaH:liey 'Wait till I finish reading this page'. g. rrnP nocne,Z1;HHe pe'IH, H ,Z1;eneraT1>1 pa3omnlic1> 'The last speeches finished and the delegates dispersed'. g. ll:O'IHTblBaTL, OTPa6aT1>1BaTh. 5 Totalising The nuance expressed by several prefixes can be described as totalising, since they are used in order to sum up the total degree of performance on a given occasion, normally with reference to the object acted upon.

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